Cistercian monasteries in Rievaulx

Rievaulx Abbey

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Opatija Rievaulx (engleski: Rievaulx Abbey) je bivša Cistercitska opatija smještena kraj Rievaulxa, mjesta nedaleko od Helmsleyja u engleskoj grofoviji North Yorkshire. Osnovana je 1132. od dvanaest cistercitskih redovnika iz Opatije Clairvaux u Francuskoj. S vremenom je postala jednan od najbogatijih samostana u Engleskoj, čemu je značajno pridonijela marljivost redovnika koji su nekoliko puta mijenjali tok rijeke Rye. U 14. vijeku je samostan teško pogodila kako serija pljačkaških prepada iz susjedne Škotske, tako i epidemija Crne smrti koja je značajno umanjila dotada jeftinu kmetovsku radnu snagu. Za vrijeme Reformacije ju je 1538. godine, kao i sve samostane, dao raspustiti kralj Henry VIII od Engleske. U trenutku raspuštanja se opatija sastojala od 72 zgrada, u kojima su živjeli opat, 21 redovnik i 102 sluge; također je u njoj postojala i peć za lijevanog željeza; historičar Gerry McDonell na temelju toga tvrdi da je raspuštanje samostana odgodilo Industrijsku revoluciju za dva i pol vijeka. Zemljište je pripalo porodici Duncombe, čiji je potomak Thomas Duncombe III godine 1750. oko ruševina samostana dao sagraditi nekoliko građevina u grčkom stilu, danas poznatih kao Rievaulx Terrace & Temples. Opatija se danas nalazi u okviru nacionalnog parka North York Moors.

Literatura

  • Fergusson, Peter; Harrison, Stuart (2000). Rievaulx Abbey. Community, Architecture, Memory. Yale University Press. 
  • Woods, Thomas (2005). How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization. ISBN . 
  • Derbyshire, David (21 June 2002). "Henry "Stamped Out Industrial Revolution"". The Daily Telegraph.  Check date values in: |accessdate= ();

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Welcome to Yorkshire
5 September 2010
Fantastic spot to take some pictures of this English Heritage site. Check out The Work of God and Man exhibition to get a real taste of what life was like for the Monks
Ulceby Lodge B & B Bed & Breakfast
Well worth a visit.
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