Spomenici in New York

Kip slobode

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Kip slobode (Шаблон:Jez-eng) je spomenik u Njujorku poznat i pod nazivom „Sloboda osvetljava svet“ (Шаблон:Jez-eng). Visok je 46,5 m, čemu treba dodati i 46,9 m visoko postolje. Nalazi se na Ostrvu slobode i predstavlja poklon Francuske Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama kao čin prijateljstva 1886. godine. Skulptor spomenika je Frederik Bartoldi, a unutrašnju konstrukciju je izradio čuveni inženjer Gistav Ajfel (projektant Ajfelove kule).

Popis

Kip je visok 46 m sa 47 metarskim postoljem, tako da se vrh nalazi na 93 metara visine iznad zemlje. Kip je težak 205 tona. U obimu je kip 10,6 metara, usta su široka 91 centimetara a kažiprst je dugačak 2,4 metara. Kruna sa sedam zrakova je simbol slobode koju treba da žari kroz sedam mora u sedam kontinenata.

Noseću konstrukciju Kipa slobode predložio i konsrtuisao je francuski građevinar pored ostalog i konstruktor pariske Ajfelove kula Gistav Ajfel.

Najpre je vajar Frederik Bartoldi predložio mali glineni model u visini dospelog čoveka. Drugi model je bio visine 3 metra. Treći model je bio četiri puta manji od kipa u prirodnoj veličini. Četvrti model je bio u prirodnoj stvarnoj veličini. Po modelu je bila odlivena skulptura u bakru. Gotova skulptura je predata amerikoj ambasadi i bila je rastavljena na delove i dopremljena je francuskim brodom u Njujork, U Njujorku je sastavljana trajalo dve godine.

Vremenom je kip postao simbol Amerike. Tokom veka koji je prošao došlo je do velikih oštećenja skuppture i rekonstruisana je zahvaljujući javnom dobrovoljnom prihodu sredstava za rekonstrukciju skulpture.

1984. godine Kip slobode je uvršten u kulturnu baštinu UNESCO.

Eksterni linkovi

Шаблон:Commonscat

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6 July 2010
The crown reopened in summer 2009 for the first time since 9/11 and will be open until 2011 when it is closed for renovations.
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1 Liberty Island - Ellis Island, New York, NY 10004, USA

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