Spomenici in New York

Kip slobode

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Kip slobode (Шаблон:Jez-eng) je spomenik u Njujorku poznat i pod nazivom „Sloboda osvetljava svet“ (Шаблон:Jez-eng). Visok je 46,5 m, čemu treba dodati i 46,9 m visoko postolje. Nalazi se na Ostrvu slobode i predstavlja poklon Francuske Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama kao čin prijateljstva 1886. godine. Skulptor spomenika je Frederik Bartoldi, a unutrašnju konstrukciju je izradio čuveni inženjer Gistav Ajfel (projektant Ajfelove kule).

Popis

Kip je visok 46 m sa 47 metarskim postoljem, tako da se vrh nalazi na 93 metara visine iznad zemlje. Kip je težak 205 tona. U obimu je kip 10,6 metara, usta su široka 91 centimetara a kažiprst je dugačak 2,4 metara. Kruna sa sedam zrakova je simbol slobode koju treba da žari kroz sedam mora u sedam kontinenata.

Noseću konstrukciju Kipa slobode predložio i konsrtuisao je francuski građevinar pored ostalog i konstruktor pariske Ajfelove kula Gistav Ajfel.

Najpre je vajar Frederik Bartoldi predložio mali glineni model u visini dospelog čoveka. Drugi model je bio visine 3 metra. Treći model je bio četiri puta manji od kipa u prirodnoj veličini. Četvrti model je bio u prirodnoj stvarnoj veličini. Po modelu je bila odlivena skulptura u bakru. Gotova skulptura je predata amerikoj ambasadi i bila je rastavljena na delove i dopremljena je francuskim brodom u Njujork, U Njujorku je sastavljana trajalo dve godine.

Vremenom je kip postao simbol Amerike. Tokom veka koji je prošao došlo je do velikih oštećenja skuppture i rekonstruisana je zahvaljujući javnom dobrovoljnom prihodu sredstava za rekonstrukciju skulpture.

1984. godine Kip slobode je uvršten u kulturnu baštinu UNESCO.

Eksterni linkovi

Шаблон:Commonscat

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6 July 2010
The crown reopened in summer 2009 for the first time since 9/11 and will be open until 2011 when it is closed for renovations.
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21 March 2014
Did you know? In 1885, the dismantled Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor after being shipped across the Atlantic in 350 individual pieces packed in more than 200 cases!
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1 Liberty Island - Ellis Island, New York, NY 10004, USA

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