Royal residences in Edinburgh

Holyrood Palace

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Palača Holyrood (engleski: Holyrood Palace) je dvorac u Edinburghu, službena rezidencija britanskih monarha u Škotskoj.

Kraljica Elizabeta II sa porodicom, svako ljeto provede barem jedan tjedan u Palači Holyrood, odmarajući se. Tad je on zatvoren za posjetioce, inače je čitavu godinu otvoren.

Karakteristike i historija gradnje

Palača Holyrood nalazi se na dnu Royal Mile, odmah do ruševina augustinske Opatije Holyrood, koju je 1128. osnovao kralj David I koji je te godine poklonio zemljište na brdu Holyrood redovnicima da podignu svoju opatiju i samostalno upravljaju njome.

Najstariji gotički dio dvorca podigao je između 1501. - 1505. škotski kralj James IV odmah do Opatija Holyrood. Gradnju je nastavio njegov sin James V dodajući nova renesansna krila oko kvadratnog dvorišta.

Kad je James I postao i engleski kralj, odselio se London pa je dvorac izgubio svoju funkciju. Dvorac je obnovljen 1633. u sklopu priprema za krunidbu Charlesa I za škotskog kralja.

Palača je temeljito rekonstruirana i dograđena između 1671. - 1679. po nacrtima arhitekata Williama Bruca i Roberta Mylna.

Jakobitski lider Charles Edward Stuart mladi pretendent imao je dvorcu od septembra do oktobra 1745. svoju rezidenciju.

Palača je ponovno renovirana polovicom 19. vijeka, a za vladavine britanskog kralja Georga V još prije Prvog svjetskog rata potpuno je modernizirana, uvedena je struja i centralno grijanje.

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MaryQueenofScots.net
20 April 2014
Holyrood is the Royal palace in Edinburgh. It was Mary Queen of Scots home, where she married both Lord Darnley and the Earl of Bothwell.  Her secretary, David Riccio, was murdered in her rooms.
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0.1km from Abbey Strand, Edinburgh EH8 8DU, UK

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Open hours
Mon-Sun 9:30 AM–4:30 PM
References

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