City walls in Rim

Aurelijanove zidine

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Aurelijeve zidine (talijanski: Mura aureliane) je naziv za rimske gradske zidine izgrađene između 271. i 275., za vrijeme vladavine riskih careva Aurelijana i Proba.

Zidovi su okruživali svih 7 brežuljaka, Campus Martius, te distrikt Trastevere na desnoj obali Tibera. Riječne obale unutar samog grada po svemu sudeći nisu bile utvrđene.

Izgradnja

Opseg zidina je bio 19 km, a povrđina opasanog područja 13.7 km². Zidovi su građeni od betona, sa naličjem od cigle, debeli 3.5 metara, te 8 metara visoki. Svakih 29.6 metara (100 rimskih stopa) je bila izgrađena po jedna kvadratna kula.

Remodeliranje u 5. stoljeću je udvostručilo visinu zidova na 16 metara. Do 500. godine, zidine su imale 383 kula, 7020 grudobrana, 18 glavnih vrata, 5 pomoćnih vrata, 116 javnih WC-a i 2066 velikih vanjskih prozora.

Vrata

Шаблон:Commonscat Popis vrata (porte), od sjevera i u smjeru kazaljke na satu:

  • Porta del Popolo (Porta Flaminia) – ovdje počinje via Flaminia
  • Porta Pinciana
  • Porta Salaria – ovdje počinje via Salaria
  • Porta Pia – ovdje počinje nova via Nomentana
  • Porta Nomentana – ovdje počinje stara via Nomentana
  • Porta Praetoriana – stari ulaz u Castra Praetoria, kamp Pretorijanske garde
  • Porta Tiburtina – ovdje počinje via Tiburtina
  • Porta Maggiore (Porta Praenestina) – ovdje se susreću 3 akvadukta, te počinje via Praenestina
  • Porta San Giovanni – u blizini Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano
  • Porta Asinaria – ovdje počinje stara via Tuscolana
  • Porta Metronia
  • Porta Latina – ovdje počinje via Latina
  • Porta San Sebastiano (Porta Appia) – ovdje počinje Via Appia
  • Porta Ardeatina
  • Porta San Paolo (Porta Ostiense) – odmah do Piramide Cestia, vodi do Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura, ovdje počinje via Ostiense

Vrata u Trastevere (od juga i u smjeru kazaljke na satu):

  • Porta Portuensis
  • Porta Aurelia Pancraziana
  • Porta Septimiana
  • Porta Aurelia-Sancti Petri

Izvori

Шаблон:Izvori

Vanjske veze

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